Application Notes

Application of Patterned Illumination Using a DMD for Optogenetic Control of Signaling

Digital micromirror devices (DMDs) are powerful tools for photostimulation applications, including photoconversion and optogenetic manipulation, owing to their robust ability to produce novel illumination patterns with high spatiotemporal resolution. In this Application Note we showcase recent work describing how DMD technology integrated into a Nikon system can be applied toward light-gated optogenetic control of intracellular signaling.


Hardware Triggering: Maximizing Speed and Efficiency for Live Cell Imaging

Live cell imaging experiments now require higher speeds and more data throughput than ever before. Nikon Instruments has robust tools that enable hardware triggering of imaging devices in microscopy via direct signaling between hardware. This minimizes delays, synchronizes devices, and reduces the exposure of specimens to light. This Application Note explains how Nikon’s NIS-Elements hardwaretriggering workflow operates, and details its benefits for common time-lapse acquisition routines.


Increasing Data Collection and Fidelity by Maximizing Confocal Field of View

For years, the field of view (FOV) of confocal systems has been limited by the FOV of the microscope they are attached to. With the release of the Nikon Ti2 inverted microscope, the world’s first 25-mm FOV became available. Now, Nikon has taken advantage of this improvement by building the largest FOV point scanner in the world, the A1 HD25. This Application Note focuses on the impact of this technology on simple, everyday experiments.


N-SIM for Quantitative Ultra-Structural Analyses of the Nuclear Lamina

Super-resolution Structured Illumination Microscopy (SIM), available from Nikon via the N-SIM and N-SIM E systems, allows for the observation of details inaccessible to traditional microscopes, such as confocal and widefield. In this application note we see how the N-SIM system enables quantitative multi-color evaluation of the distribution of different nuclear lamin proteins and the structures they form.


N-STORM with DNA-PAINT for Reliable Multicolor & 3D Single Molecule Localization Imaging


Nikon’s Large-Format Multiphoton System for Intravital Imaging

Nikon’s A1R MP multiphoton confocal microscope system provides a choice platform for deep tissue imaging. Researchers at the Allen Institute for Brain Science have applied the A1R MP towards fast dual-color intravital imaging of the mouse brain. The open architecture instrument design allows for the addition of custom stages for large samples, external photostimulation devices, and more – perfect for constantly evolving needs.


Quantitative Analysis Tools and Correlative Imaging Applications for N-STORM

Stochastic Optical Reconstruction Microscopy (STORM) has had a significant impact on our understanding of nano-scale biological processes. In this application note, we see how Nikon’s N-STORM system, combined with quantitative analysis tools, enables single molecule level studies of cannabinoid signaling in the brain. Correlative 3D-STORM, confocal microscopy, and patch-clamp electrophysiology is also explored.


Quantitative Cluster Analysis Applications for N-STORM

Nikon’s N-STORM super-resolution microscope is applied to mapping the distribution of nucleosomes on chromatin fibers, shining a light on the mechanisms of chromatin folding, gene expression, and pluripotency. Multicolor STORM is used to explore how nucleosome distribution differs between differentiated and pluripotent stem cells and correlates with the distribution of other important factors in replication, such as RNA Polymerase II.


Reflectance imaging for visualization of unlabeled structures using Nikon A1 and N-SIM

Reflectance imaging allows the user to form an intensity image from light backscattered by the sample. Highly reflective markers, including a variety of nanoparticles, allows for imaging with very high signal-to-noise and virtually free of photobleaching, ideal for both confocal and structured illumination microscopies.


Robotic Microscopy with the Nikon Ti2 for High-Content Analysis Applications

Robotic Microscopy—a combination of high-content screening methods—enables multivariate experimental approaches with large cell populations and member-level sensitivity. Here we explore how the new Nikon Ti2 line of inverted research microscopes is uniquely suited to Robotic Microscopy applications, focusing on work utilizing induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) as disease models in drug screening.


Structured Illumination Microscopy (SIM) Imaging Comparison with Confocal

The super-resolution microscopy technique structured illumination microscopy (SIM) imaging of dendritic spines along the dendrite has not been previously performed in fixed tissues, mainly due to deterioration of the stripe pattern of the excitation laser induced by light scattering and optical aberrations.